Inside the brain

Our brain consists of two main parts; the cerebrum (the largest part of the brain, made up of the frontal, temporal, occipital and parietal lobe) and the cerebellum along with the brain stem.

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Command centre - Frontal lobe

The reason why you can make that perfect sandwich without skipping a beat is thanks to the frontal lobe, which is in charge of organising the function of sequencing events and movements needed to perform a multi-step task.

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The storage - Temporal lobe

Remember your first driving lesson? On how you concentrated on learning to get the gears correct for the right speed and how it came to you from memory after a few and well practiced attempts. That was the temporal lobe working its function for you.

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The GPS - pariental lobe

Somebody in the back of a crowded room mentions your name. Your attention immediately shifts there. Hmmm... looks like some people are talking about you! You stand at the same place, and swiftly start following their conversation without changing your position, ignoring all the other sounds that are much louder.

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The seer - Occipital lobe

You are driving down the road reaching an intersection when out of the corner of your eye; you see a car approaching from the right side of the intersection. You recognise the possibility of an impending t-bone crash and apply the brakes immediately.

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Friends

The automation - Cerebellum

This monitors actions, such as motor movement, co-ordination...

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Frontal lobe - Command centre

According to Dr Aditya Murthy of the Centre for Neuroscience of the Indian Institute of Science...

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Pariental lobe - The GPS

While paying attention seems pretty simple, the circuits in the brain, which allow us to voluntarily shift our attention to a behaviourally interesting and relevant stimulus while filtering out all other irrelevant stimuli are exceedingly complex.

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Occipital lobe - The seer

In the research lab of Dr S P Arun at the Centre for Neuroscience of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, research is aimed at understanding how objects are represented for successful recognition.

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Temporal lobe - The storage

At Dr Upinder S Bhalla’s research lab at the National Centre for Biological Science, Bangalore, they are using optogenetics to study the learning process in the hippocampus “The hippocampus is well known to be crucial for memory.

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